Yes, employees can work in Two companies at a time until they are able to manage the timings & do the effective work, and pay the income tax on both salaries, if applicable.
But it does not apply to the employees who work in factories, according to section 60 of the factories act 1948, double employment is not allowed.
“Restriction on double employment: No adult worker shall be required or allowed to work in any factory on any day on which he has already been working in any other factory, save in such circumstances as may be prescribed. “
So make sure your job is not covered under the factories act 1948, you can know this by contacting your HR department.
Similarly in some top-level jobs where companies put restrictions on not working in two jobs simultaneously. Because it may cause leakage of the company’s confidential information.
Tips on Dual Employment
1. Don’t work in Two Companies That are Competitors
If you work in companies that operate in the same businesses then you have a chance of losing your job. No companies want their employees to work in their competitor companies.
2. Work Hours Should Not be the Same
If you work in both jobs at the same timings then you will lose your job, because it will affect your productivity, which companies don’t like. So the work hours of both jobs shouldn’t overlap each other. You should do it one after another.
3. Don’t Leak Your Company Secrets
When you work in two jobs simultaneously some of your colleagues and superiors may envy you, so they will wait for a chance to find mistakes in your work. So better don’t discuss your other job in any case, and most importantly dont’ reveal any secrets about the other company.
4. Start Your Own Business/ Work as A Freelancer
Finally working two jobs at a time consumes so much energy and in long run, it will affect your health. So better start your own business or work as a freelancer during your free time along with your primary job.
Is it legal to work for two companies at the same?
Yes, it is legal to work for two companies at the same time except for factory act covered employees, but you should maintain the proper work hours and keep your other company information confidential.
Can I get PF from two companies at the same time?
Yes, you can get PF from both companies. But when two PF contributions are credited at the same time then you may face some technical problems in online EPF transfers and withdrawal, In that case, you have to apply for PF transfer offline before the withdrawal.
How can an employer find out about a second job?
They can find it through your IT returns, income declaration forms, PF details or through your colleagues, etc.
What is the punishment for dual employment?
In extreme cases, it may lead to job termination.