You don’t need an MBA to become an HR even in 2024, with any degree you can get a job in the HR field, whether it is a B.Tech, B.Sc B.Com, or any other degree. If you want, you can do your MBA through distance mode while working as an HR. An MBA is not a mandatory qualification to work in HR.
But when you attend interviews for an HR position, interviewers will ask you why you want to join the HR field when you have studied something else. If you are able to answer this question, you are welcome to enter the HR role.
To answer that question, you can talk about communication skills, and the ability to manage and solve employee issues and involve them in the development of the company.
Knowing what types of jobs are available in the human resources field and developing skills accordingly will help you to get your first HR job.
Types of Careers in Human Resources:
1. HR Recruiter
The main job of an HR recruiter is to find the correct candidate for different positions in a company. Their job is to find candidates from job portals such as Naukri Resdex, Indeed, Linkedin, etc., to publish advertisements, conduct interviews, background checks, joining formalities, etc.
It is not mandatory to have an MBA certificate to become an HR recruiter, any passionate graduate and good communication skills may become a recruiter.
2. Human Resource Generalist
The HR Generalist position covers different kinds of HR activities. It includes recruitment, payroll management, time office functions, statutory compliances, etc. If you want to know everything related to HR then starting as a generalist will be a good idea and you can choose a specialization depending on your interest.
But compared to HR recruiters, the starting salaries of HR generalists are much lower.
3. HR Assistant
HR Assistants support HR and senior managers in administrative activities. The HR Assistant is a basic HR role to begin and gain experience. Their duties include maintaining HR records and documents, time office functions, arranging interviews, and other tasks specified by senior HRs.
4. HR Administrator
The HR Administrator is responsible for the documentation of HR files, employee complaints, attendance tracking, onboarding, and employee training, as well as the payroll process. The HR Administrator is above the HR Assistant level.
5. Human Resource Manager
Human resource managers are able to lead and direct HR-related activities within the organization. They can plan and coordinate various administration and hiring activities based on company needs. They can make decisions on the promotion of employees, recruitment, performance management, payroll planning, etc.
6. Payroll Manager
HR payroll manager is responsible for the end-to-end payroll process. They will ensure the timely payment of salaries to the employees and take care of various statutory compliances like PF, ESI, health insurance, bonus, gratuity, full and final settlements, etc. They also assist with audits and budgeting. The Pay Manager must possess good Excel skills to enhance their career.
7. Labour relation specialist
The labour relations specialist ensures that the organization operates in accordance with state policies and national labor legislation. They involve obtaining various work licenses and renewing existing licenses. They assist company management in fixing wages, trade union negotiations, workforce planning, benefits, etc.
8. Employee relationship manager
The Employee Relations Manager is responsible for dealing with employee grievances, counseling employees, and investigating problems that affect the harmony of the workplace. Their main objective is to maintain appropriate working relationships within the organization.
9. Human resource coordinator
HR coordinator is responsible for controlling and coordinating various HR activities. Which includes handling queries of present and future employees, payroll processing, labour law-related activities, employee relations, background verification, HR administration, employee engagement, etc.
10. HR Consultant
The main task of an HR consultant is to advise on human capital and help companies acquire talent.
They are used to identify and resolve various HR-related issues such as hiring, employee grievances, productivity issues, etc.
11. HR Analysts
The HR analyst is a fast-growing career in the HR field. They deal with the collection of data related to the analysis of people and applying that knowledge in business decision-making.
They are responsible for accelerating the hiring process, reducing the attrition rate, etc.
How to Become HR Without an MBA
HR jobs are majorly divided into two categories 1. Recruitment and 2. Generalist. Recruiters will only focus on the recruitment process. Generalist duties include payroll management, labor law compliance, and also recruitment activities.
If you have good communication skills and people management skills then It is easy to become an HR recruiter when compared to an HR generalist
But to become an HR generalist you need to know about salary structures, and labor laws such as PF, ESI, minimum wages, bonuses, gratuities, etc.
But don’t worry, even most of the MBA HR passed out students also don’t know all these, you can learn them while working in an HR role, that’s how you will gain knowledge in any job.
So irrespective of salary and position try to work in any HR entry-level position at least for One to Two years. After gaining experience and knowledge you can look for further opportunities.
Tips to get an HR Generalist job without MBA
- Improve your communication and interpersonal skills,
- Attending as many HR job interviews gives an idea of what skills the companies are looking for.
- Get some basic knowledge about salary structure, know what is basic wage, gross wage, CTC, HRA, conveyance allowances, special allowances, PF, ESI, etc. Watch videos on YouTube, and read blogs, or study books to gain knowledge.
- Improve your Excel knowledge. HR jobs mostly deal with working with Excel sheets, for salary statements, and attendance sheet preparation, so get some basic knowledge about Excel.
- Finally, if possible try to do an MBA in Human Resources, either in direct mode or distance mode, it gives additional advantages and will boost your confidence to work in the HR field.
Note: The below ebook will give you a clear idea of what an HR Genearlist will do in a company.
(It is for “HR Generalists” not for Recruiters)
No, you must have at least a Degree to get a job in the human resource field.
Any job is stressful if you don’t like it (or) if your boss is not supportive. As an HR you need to deal with people, and if you love to do that it is not a stressful job.
Yes, HR is definitely a good career.
It depends on the company and the HR position in which you are working. When compared to other jobs, HR entry-level jobs pay less, but with experience, you can be paid well. As I said earlier HR is not a qualification-based job, it is an experience-based job.
Yes, you can get an HR job even without experience. You have to start your career as an HR trainee (or) executive.
No, it is not that hard to work in HR.
HR job mostly deals with the employees, it is not a boring job. You will get new experiences with every problem you face.
Salaries are fixed by the company management. As an HR you need to prepare a salary structure like basic wage, gross wage, CTC, etc.
Yes, they can get an HR job, even without an MBA.